Learn about Albert Einstein, one of the world's top scientists. (Part - 1)

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14th March , 1879 - 18th April, 1955) was a German-born Noble Prize award winning physicist. He is famous for his famous theory of relativity and especially for the invention of mass-energy equivalency formula. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. He was awarded for special contribution to theoretical physics, especially for the research in photo-electric impact.

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Einstein in 1947.
Einstein had done research in various fields of physics. He had a lot of contributions in new inventions and discoveries. The most famous contributions were his attempt to integrate the general theory of relativity with electromagnetism and publishing geometric theory of gravitation. The geometric theory of gravitation is also known as general relativity (GR) or general theory of relativity (GTR). His other contributions are cosmology based on relativity, capillary action, classical problem of statistical mechanics and their apply to quantum theory, an explanation of Brownian motion of molecules, quantum theory of one-atomic gases, thermal properties of light in low radiation density (which was the basis for the theory of photon), a theory of radiation (in which, there was an issue of stimulated emission) and the first idea of a unified field theory.

Einstein's research works are contained in more than 50 scientific research-papers and in some non-scientific books. In 1999, Einstein was declared 'Person of the Century' by time magazine. According to a poll of famous physicists, most of them gave him the recognition as the greatest physicists. 'Einstein' word is used to indicate talented, intelligent and keen person or thing in general culture and daily use. Thus, it is synonymous with merit.

Biography of Albert Einstein

Childhood and Primary education:

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In 1893, Albert Einstein (14 years old). The photo was taken before his family moved to Italy.
He said 'Science without religion is lame and religion without science is blind'. Einstein was born in Ulm on March 14, 1879 (the death year of nineteenth century's most famous theoretical physicist James Clerk Maxwell). He spent his childhood in Munich. Einstein's parents were a secular middle-class Jewish. His father Hermann Einstein originally developed and marketed feather bed. Later, he set up an electrical appliances construction factory in Munich. He was fairly successful. The company name was 'Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie', which energized Munich's 'Oktoberfest' first and connected 'Schwabing' through electric wire for the first time. His mother Pauline Koch was in charge of all domestic households' works. He had a sister, whose name was Maja. She was born after two years of Einstein's birth. Two things surprised him in the childhood. First, he received a compass in the age of five and he was pleasantly surprised after watching the use of it. How was the compass changing its direction due to the invisible powers? He was particularly attracted to the invisible powers forever from then. In the age of 12, he became familiar with a geometry book. He had so much fun by studying the book. Therefore, he addressed the book as 'sacred little geometry book' forever. The book was actually 'Euclid's elements'. His first school was 'Catholic elementary school'. Although he was not an orator, he was the best brilliant student in elementary school.

Einstein became very religious suddenly at the age of 12. He dominated different songs and lines in the school for praising God. Although he had not too much talking power, his results were quite good at school. But after reading the book of science, his religious consciousness began to wane because his religious beliefs were in conflict with scientific theory. The theories of science were surely proven. In such a situation, the Jewish controlled institution authorities were not pleased with him in particular. In the age of 6, Einstein took up the violin for the interest of his mother. Playing the violin was not a very good choice for him, so he gave it up. Later, he showed a special interest to the tune of Mozart's violin. At the time, after creating different appliances, he showed others. From that time, his special interest and talent in mathematics were found.

He was indifferent to the Prussian education and practice in the Luitpold gymnasium and could not keep up. That was enough to destroy the education of creativity and originality. However, a teacher told him that no great things will be done by him. At the time, special effect of a medical student called Max Talmud fell on him. Max Talmud was often invited to their house to eat. Thus, he became undeclared trainer of Einstein. He was initiated into the higher mathematics and philosophy by Talmud. In the age of 16, he became attentive to a special subject. He was introduced with a children science series (Naturwissenschaftliche Volksbucher, 1867-68) by Talmud, which was written by Aaron Bernstein. The author said in this book about the experience of the travel with electricity cum movement through the telegraph wire. Einstein then asked himself that what would happen if it was possible to travel with light. This question ran through his mind for the next 10 years. He thought, if it is possible to travel with the same speed of light, then light can be seen static, just like concrete waves. Since, light consists of waves, so they will be seen like static light waves. But static light waves were not seen and it is not possible to see it. Then something was born without burden, which concerned him. He was introduced with 'Euclid's elements' and Immanuel Kant's 'The Critique of Pure Reason' by Talmud. By reading elements, Einstein learned about priori reason search process. After dominating Euclidean geometry in the school stage, he became attentive to calculus. Einstein's father wanted his son to become electrical engineer but he showed interest to the pure knowledge. He is a great scientist.

Here is our 2nd part: Learn about Albert Einstein, one of the world's top scientists. (Part - 2) and last part: Learn about Albert Einstein, one of the world's top scientists. (Last Part)

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